Different Types of Skin
Dry skin is also termed an alipoid skin meaning lacking in sebum production. One of the most obvious indicators of a dry skin is the lack of sebaceous activity, with pores that are barely visible. Pores remain tight as they are not dilated to accommodate sebum flow. The lack of sebaceous activity affects the skins barrier function often leaving dry skin susceptible to environmental stressors and the elements.
During the aging process drier skin will become more visible in terms of the crepy texture, appearing visibly dry and often flaky as a result. Crow’s feet, wrinkles, and other age markers often occur prematurely on a dry skin type partially due to the lack of lubrication and protection.
Oily Skin characterized as an overabundance of oil production often displaying itself around puberty as linked to an overproduction of sebum from the sebaceous glands. Although everyone experiences an increase in androgens during puberty the genetic template will determine the effect on the sebaceous glands. Increased levels of oil production and buildup of skin cells are associated with an oilier skin, affecting the thickness sand texture. Fortunately fewer lines are evident on an oilier skin type but comedones and breakouts are often characteristic of an oily skin type.
Combination skin can be divided into two categories combination oily or combination dry. Skin that is combination oily would display oily areas in the T-zone and normal to oily areas on the cheeks and surrounding areas. Combination dry refers to a t-zone close to normal, adequate oil production in the center panel with drier areas on the cheeks.
Those with sensitive skin are often Scandinavian or Celtic origin. Frequently have red hair and blue eyes often accompanied by freckles. A person with a sensitive skin usually has a thinner skin; both the dermis and the epidermis are thinner.
There is an increased warmth to the touch and the skin is often more colorful due to the vascular supply being closer to the surface.
Vascular changes may be evident in the form of telangesctasia, coupe rose or thread veins. People with this skin type should be particularly vigilant and limit sun exposure as they will burn very easily without protection.
Does this skin type exist? If so how do we gauge it? When describing a skin as normal we are looking at a skin that has few problem areas and is as close to being balanced as possible. Skin should have a radiant glow and pores neither, too large or too tight. Few signs of ageing exist and there should be good tone and texture evident.